Pepper plants are an easy vegetable to grow and require very little effort once you learn the basics. Growing your own pepper plants not only saves you money but provides you with a much fresher, better quality and better tasting pepper.
Depending on the size of the pepper varieties planted, spacing should be 12-18 inches apart. Peppers can double as ornamentals, so tuck some into flowerbeds and borders. Most sweet peppers mature in 60-90 days; hot peppers can take up to 150 days .
How to Plant Peppers
To get an early start with your peppers, particularly in the North, cover the prepared bed with a dark colored polyethylene mulch at least a week before transplanting. This will heat the soil beneath and provide a better growing condition for young pepper plants. The mulch will also help the soil retain moisture throughout the season as the plants grow. Peppers like warmth, so wait to plant until nighttime temperatures have consistently reached 60 degrees and all danger of frost has passed. If possible, set out your peppers on a cloudy day to help reduce stress on the plants. Space the plants 12 to 20 inches apart, depending on the mature size of the variety.
2)Watering Pepper Plants.
Water the green pepper plants regularly. The soil should be moist and warm at all times to encourage the plants to blossom and grow.
How to water peppers? . is one of the most common questions from new gardeners just learning to grow peppers. It’s important to know that peppers need plenty of water but, too much can injure or kill your pepper plants. Pepper plants are also susceptible to fungi when watered from the top.
Always water your plants from the base of the plant near the soil. Water thoroughly until the soil is wet, but not soggy. Water long enough that the top 3-4 inches are good and wet but not holding water.
3) Avoid .
working in the garden after a rain. Diseases can spread rapidly among wet pepper plants.
pepper plants at the time of planting and when they begin to produce.
Organic fertilizer is best, such as cow manure.
When using commercial fertilizer, choose one low in nitrogen and high in phosphorous and potassium for healthy pepper plants and optimal fruit production.
Keep the soil around the pepper plants moist throughout the growing season, being careful not to over-water.
Inconsistent watering can cause blooms to fall off the hot pepper plants.
5) Harvest Peppers
Most sweet varieties mature within 60-90 days, while their ‘muy caliente’ cousins may take up to 150 days to mature. If starting peppers from seed, add 8-10 weeks onto the information on the seed packet to account for the time between sowing and transplanting. For most people, this means seed sown peppers will be started indoors in January or February.