Gardening with vegetables can be fun and provide delicious and highly nutritious fresh food. Watching and working with plants can add a new dimension of enjoyment to life and bring an awareness of the wonderful world of nature in the backyard.The path to a successful vegetable garden is not difficult or long. Ten carefully taken steps will produce many enjoyable moments and an abundant harvest of fresh vegetables
during much of the year.
1. Choose a location in full sun, which means six or more hours of direct sun in summer. Producing succulent, savory vegetables takes energy – the sun’s energy – especially for fruiting vegetables such as cucumbers and tomatoes. If you don’t have this much sunlight.
2. Decide on the vegetable species wanted. Select those that your household likes, that are adapted to your climate and practical for the location. If space is a problem, plant those that utilize space.
3. Water properly. Don’t water frequently for only brief periods of time. Doing so causes plant roots to hover near the soil surface. Instead, deep soak each time you water to encourage roots to grow deep down into the soil. And to the extent that you’re able, water early in the morning so plant leaves have a chance to dry during the day. That will help minimize fungal diseases.
4. Organic matter makes the soil loose (friable) and easy to work. It improves nutrient and water-holding capacity, drainage and aeration. Well rotted manure, compost, and leaf mulch are commonly used organic materials.
5. Mark out straight rows to make the garden attractive and to make cultivation, insect control and harvesting easier. To mark a row, drive two stakes into the ground at each end of the garden and draw a string tightly between them Use a starter solution to get plants off to a faster start. Starter fertilizer is a soluble fertilizer high in phosphorous like 10-52-17 or 10-50-10 mixture. Mix fertilizer with water following the label directions (about 2 tablespoons per gallon of water)
6. Vegetables differ in their climatic requirements making it necessary to know when to plant them in order to have a successful garden. Some vegetables will withstand cool and even freezing weather. Others need warmer conditions to germinate and to produce. Generally vegetables are placed in two categories—cool-season crops and warm-season crops